Missouri legislative interns help school districts claim $1 million in funds for unhoused students (2024)

In March, the phone in state Rep. Deb Lavender’s office in Jefferson City started ringing constantly, but the calls weren’t for her.

They were for her interns, Santino Bono and Alanna Nguyen.

The interns, along with Dylan Powers Cody, who was interning for state Rep. Peter Merideth, had spent months cross-checking spreadsheets to pinpoint school districts who had not yet claimed pandemic-era federal funds for homeless students.

Those federal dollars are part of the American Rescue Plan and must be budgeted by September. A large part of the interns’ project was calling districts to notify them that they had money that could expire if they didn’t act quickly.

The office got so many calls back from schools about the interns’ project that Lavender’s legislative assistant needed to create a voicemail folder just for them.

So far, they helped districts claim $1.15 million in funds in four months that can be used for a range of services for homeless students — from buying washers and dryers to temporary hotel stays and transit cards.

“We had multiple school districts call back and say, ‘We have twenty grand in the bank that we can use to help homeless students? No one really told us,’” Bono said in an interview with The Independent.

Most of the districts the interns reached had no idea they had funding available, Nguyen said.

“Then, they wanted more information on it,” she said. “Once they got the information on it, they were able to kind of kickstart it up and get things moving along.”

Bono expected the internship might be more menial, including the “intern trope of having to get coffee for people,” he said.

“To know that I could have potentially a much bigger impact on actual students, as a student myself, I’m really proud of that,” Bono said.

Missouri received an infusion of $9.6 million in the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 for students experiencing homelessness, and schools were able to start using it in 2022.

But many of those schools had never received federal dollars to support homeless students before.

Tera Bock, director of homeless education for Missouri’s Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, said the agency alerted school districts to the funding but that several challenges emerged.

“It is not funding that most districts are used to having, so they usually are supporting their students experiencing homelessness without any funding specific to that,” she said. “The extra funding creates the need for a shift in mindset as far as what they provide for those students.”

School districts have until the end of September to budget the remaining $6.1 million or lose out on it.

Most schools received a few thousands dollars in federal aid for homeless students. The largest allocation, based on its homeless student population, went to St. Louis City which received $850,000.

The funding is best used for one-time costs, Bock said, like a vehicle to transport students with housing insecurity or to meet emergency needs.

“The district should really consider how they can use it in a way that is not going to create a financial burden in the future whenever they don’t have the funds anymore,” Bock said.

She said rural districts with a smaller population of students experiencing homelessness are the most likely to struggle to spend the money.

Bock has been in her role for a couple months, and the position was vacant briefly.

Part of her job is to contact each district’s homeless liaison, a position every district is federally required to have. But sometimes, the liaisons have multiple positions in schools, and Bock doesn’t hear back from them.

“Especially in the districts where they don’t typically see a large population of homeless students, they get multiple roles, and it just gets lost in the shuffle,” she said.

“We don’t have very many (districts) here in Missouri where that person is completely designated as their entire job for the most part,” she said. “They are wearing lots of different hats.”

Bock said she sends “lots of communication,” so “they should be aware” of the funds but wonders if liaisons are properly connected to district administration to get the money budgeted.

With more communication and activities planned, Bock is not concerned about being able to get more money claimed by districts.

“This is definitely a big piece of what I’m working on right now,” she said. “And our sights are set on Sept. 30.”

Bock said the interns were “super helpful” in the process.

“There has been good communication whenever they need some backup information to support questions that are coming up,” she said. “So they’ve been great to work with.”

The interns are hopeful schools will continue allocating the funds.

“There’s still a lot to be done by September and session’s ending,” Bono said. “I’m going off to law school. I can’t keep calling school districts. So we’re just hoping that more awareness can be given to school districts to kind of get them to keep working towards this.”

Lavender said the funds might look modest in terms of the state’s overall budget but the impact on students is large. In Webster Groves, she said, the schools “got another $8,000 that I don’t think they knew was sitting there.”

Lavender’s legislative assistant Dustin Bax chimed in: “And $8,000 of backpacks, non-perishable foods, fuel cards — that goes a long way.”

This story was originally published by the Missouri Independent, part of the States Newsroom.

Missouri legislative interns help school districts claim $1 million in funds for unhoused students (2024)


How are Missouri school districts funded? ›

Local funding comes more directly from the surrounding community, and is a bulk sum given to the district that is taken mainly from property taxes. The money available for state funding comes from general state revenues (income taxes, sales tax, etc.), gaming, lottery, and other miscellaneous taxes.

How much does Missouri spend on education per student? ›

Missouri has a fixed base funding amount per student. For FY2021, the per-student base amount was $6,375. This means that an average student with no special needs or disadvantages would be funded at that level.

What was the dollar amount white school districts received compared to the lower resourced schools impoverished districts? ›

By the law center's calculation, California provided the poorest districts with $2,500 per student more than it funded wealthy districts, a difference of 20% in 2019-20.

What school district has the highest funding? ›

Of the 100 largest school systems by enrollment, the districts with the highest spending per pupil in FY 2021 were Boston City Schools in Massachusetts ($31,397), New York City School District in New York ($29,931), Washington Schools in District of Columbia ($24,535), Atlanta School District in Georgia ($18,492), ...

What is Missouri ranked in school funding? ›

In 2022, Illinois moved up to 12th while Missouri fell to 33rd, according to the National Assessment of Educational Progress, a program run through the U.S. Department of Education. In the 2004 fiscal year budget, 25 percent of the total dollars went to K-12 education versus 19 percent in 2024.

Where does Missouri rank in education? ›

Share: Where does Missouri rank when it comes to the most educated states across the country…?… number 32 according to the personal finance website WalletHub.com.

What state spends the most per student? ›

Among the 41 states with reported data, New York schools led the nation in per-pupil spending in 2021 and 2022, spending $26,571 in 2021 and $27,504 in 2022.

Who spends the most on schools? ›

Norway reported the highest total expenditures on education institutions as a percentage of GDP (6.6 percent), followed by Chile (6.5 percent), Israel (6.2 percent), Australia (6.1 percent), and the United Kingdom and the United States (both 6.0 percent).

What are the wealthiest school districts in the US? ›

These are the richest school districts in America.
  1. Scarsdale Union Free School District, N.Y.
  2. Weston School District, Conn.
  3. Piedmont City Unified School District, Calif.
  4. Darien School District, Conn.
  5. Chappaqua Central School District, N.Y.
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What is the largest source of revenue for public schools? ›

In school year 2020–21, elementary and secondary public school revenues totaled $954 billion in constant 2022–23 dollars. Of this total, 11 percent, or $101 billion, were from federal sources, 46 percent, or $437 billion, were from state sources, and 44 percent, or $416 billion, were from local sources.

How much wealthier are white school districts than nonwhite ones $23 billion? ›

Overwhelmingly white school districts received $23 billion more than predominantly nonwhite school districts in state and local funding in 2016, despite serving roughly the same number of children, a new report finds.

Where does the majority of funding for local schools come from? ›

State and local governments provide the vast majority of funding for K-12 education — 89 percent of all school funding.

How do local governments get money for schools? ›

Public schools are primarily funded through property tax dollars and other state and local taxes, but the way tax dollars travel to schools can be confusing. Tax dollars are not necessarily allocated to students or even to schools in the neighborhoods of the taxpayer.

How do local school districts fund their operations? ›

LCFF Is Funded Through a Combination of State General Fund and Local Property Tax Revenue. The Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) and add-ons are used to determine a district's total LCFF target. To meet each district's target, the state first credits each district with its share of local property tax revenue.

Who determines how much state aid schools receive in Missouri? ›

Quick Links. The School Finance Section is responsible for calculating and distributing Basic Formula, Classroom Trust Fund, Proposition C, Transportation and Small Schools Grant payments to local school districts and charters schools throughout Missouri.


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